Istanbul City Guide:
Istanbul is one of the most visited cities in the world and it is not surprising: it was the capital of three empires: Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman !! Let yourself be conquered by the history of ancient Civilizations and its natural treasures: the Golden Horn and the Bosphorus.Useful Information:
For electronic visa (evisa) information and submitting an application please visit following official websites, http://www.mfa.gov.tr/ https://www.evisa.gov.tr/. You are kindly advised to have a travel document/passport valid for at least 6 months as from the date of your arrival. Its mandatory to carry ID or Passport at all times during your visit.
The currency of Turkey is Turkish Lira TL (sign: ₺ code:TRY), for banknote information and exchange rates visit official webpages of Turkish Central Bank: https://www.tcmb.gov.tr/Banknotes https://www.tcmb.gov.tr/Today. Exchange offices (Turkish "döviz bürosu”) operating hours are mostly from 09:00 to 17:00. Istanbul Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport have 24/7 operating exchange offices, shopping malls and touristic areas (Sultanahmet and Taksim) are open later than regular office hours but exchange rates are often not competitive. ATMs can be found all around the city and touristic districts with foreign language options and pay out Turkish Liras.
Electrical supply is 220 Volts - 50 Hertz and plugs & sockets (two-pin plugs) types (european-style plugs that fit into recessed wall sockets) are C and F. You may need some special converters, adapters to allow the appliances or devices to work properly.
Time zone in Turkey and Istanbul is UTC/GMT +3 which means 3 hours ahead of GMT/UTC, and have no DST (Daylight Saving Time). Turkey used to follow EU rules but it has decided not to revert back to winter time and to remain on Eastern European Summer Time = GMT+3 since October 2016.
Smoking is banned in all public places including government offices, workplaces, restaurants, cafés, bars, shopping malls, schools, hospitals, and all forms of public transportation systems.
Driving is on the right hand side and driver sits on the front left of the car. Visitors can drive with their international driving license. If you choose to rent a car and drive in Turkey, you should have your driving license, passport and insurance documents of vehicle. Police officers do occasional roadside check stops for your security. If this happens, present above mentioned documents to officer.
Visitors who prefer public transportation network to get around the city, IETT (Istanbul Electric Tram and Tunnel Enterprise) has an online route planner webpage https://nasilgiderim.iett.gov.tr/en/ and mobile application for straightforward and convenient travel. Istanbul card (İstanbulkart-Anonim Kart) can be purchased from biletmatik (automatic ticket vending machines) which valid for boarding whole transportation systems via this contactless (RFID) card. Istanbul municipality provides a website https://istanbulkart.istanbul/ which serves up-to-date and detailed information about how to use, load credit, current price, etc. of the card.Official City Guide Services:
Official city tourist guides in Istanbul are should own government tour guide's license. It is against the law for someone who has not received a university education and training to work as a tourist guide in Turkey. Federation of Turkish tourist guide associations (TUREB) http://www.tureb.org.tr/en is the national federation, which was set up among professional organizations of Turkish tourist guides. You can email us to learn about Istanbul tourist guide services and available guides: firstname.lastname@example.org
Emergency Phone Numbers: Police: 155, Gendarmerie: 156 (if you are in a rural area), Ambulance: 112, Fire: 110
Following lists have information about other state owned museums, landmarks for your guidance.